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India FAQ

What is the population of India?

More than 1.27 billion people. Exact numbers cannot be determined due to natural disaster recovery and illegally occupied territories.

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Isn’t that one of the world’s largest populations?

Yes – only China has more people. And although India occupies only 2.4% of the world’s land area, it supports over 15% of the world’s population.

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How many Indians are children or youth?

Almost 40% of Indians are younger than 15 years of age.

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How many Indians live in rural or remote areas?

About 70% of the people live in more than 550,000 villages, and the remainder in more than 200 towns and cities.

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What is the average annual income for an Indian family?

Illiteracy rates make accurate figures difficult to determine. A recent study showed the approximate average Indian income ranging from $930-$3,400 a year. Millions of families make less than $1 USD per day.

The typical Indian spends about 52% of his income on food.

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What is India’s unit of currency?

The rupee, abbreviated as Rs. One rupee is equal to a hundred paise.

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What is the official language of India?

Hindi. In addition, 22 languages have been recognized by the Constitution, and there are 844 different dialects that are spoken throughout the country.

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How many people in India can read and write?

The overall literacy rate in India is 65.38%. Broken down further, 75.96% males are literate, and 54.28% females are literate.

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What is India’s main religion?

80.5% of the Indian people are Hindu. India also is the home to more than 120 million Muslims, who comprise 13.4% of the total population, followed by Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, and Parsis.

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When was Christianity first introduced to India?

According to Robin H.S. Boyd in An Introduction to Indian Christian Theology (1969), “A most ancient and venerated tradition of the Indian Church says that the Apostle Thomas came to India, landing in Malabar in 52 A. D. Whatever the truth of this may be, there is no doubt that the Christian Church has been established in South India from the very early times.”

European Christians began targeting India when Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg and Heinrich Pluetshau were sent by the King of Denmark and the Lutheran Church in 1706. Society of Archbishop Justus

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How big of a problem is HIV-AIDS in India?

According to the United States Agency for International Development, India is second only to South Africa in terms of the overall number of people living with HIV.

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What is the significance of India’s caste system?

A caste is a hereditary social class. Despite economic modernization and laws countering discrimination, the caste system remains a source of social identification and hierarchy for most Indian Hindus today. Traditionally, there are four broad categories of castes (varnas), including a category of outcastes, historically called “untouchables” but now commonly referred to as “dalits.” Within these broad categories there are thousands of castes and sub castes, whose relative status varies from region to region. An Indian is born into a caste and cannot move from one caste to another.

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Explain India’s form of government.

India is the world’s biggest democracy. It earned independence from British colonial rule in 1947, and operates as a democratic republic with a president, houses of parliament (with representatives from the 28 states and seven union territories) and a supreme court.

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